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An Insight Into The Various Non-Surgical And Surgical Methods To Relieve Foot Pain


The foot forms the foundation for the entire body as well as important tool for mobility. Foot pain is a common problem encountered by millions of people across the globe. People of all age groups suffer from some kind of foot pain at some point of their life. Foot pain can have a variety of causes and usually many factors contribute to the foot pain that a person may suffer. It may be due to old age, improper fitting shoes, injuries, diseases, excessive walking, standing for a long period of time, mineral deficiency, diabetes and so on. Foot pain is probably the worst kind of pain as it can ruin you day to day activities. Treatment and remedies to be initiated is optimally directed to the specific cause of the pain.

How to relieve foot pain:

Generally people experience more pain in their foot as they are subjected to a great level of pressure and stress. There are many problems that can occur due to this situation. From the nature of the pain it is possible to identify the causative agent and arrive at a proper solution for the pain. The following are the various types of foot conditions or injuries and the ways to get rid of it effectively.

1. Bunion: A bunion is a common yet painful toe problem. It is a bony deformity formed at the base joint in the big toe. You can get rid of bunions by the following non-surgical methods.

a. Walking bare foot can to a great extent prevent and heal bunions. If this is not your option you can opt for bunion-alleviating shoes.

b. Avoid engaging in activities like ballet dancing that requires the usage of constrictive shoes that may eventually lead to formation of bunions.

c. Wear a bunion pad to alleviate pain and to align your toe back to its proper direction.

d. Painkillers can also ease the pain and discomfort caused by a bunion.

e. Implement the use of orthotics which is shoe insert that may help to realign the bones of your foot when wearing shoes.

f. Application if icepacks can also ease the pain and inflammation.

g. Wearing suitable footwear can also provide good relief.

Surgical methods are opted usually when the pain is intense and the non-surgical methods have failed to provide relief. There are different types of surgical procedures used to treat bunions.

a. Osteotomy is a surgical procedure wherein the doctor removes the bony lump and realigns the bones present inside your big toe.

b. Arthrodesis is a procedure which involves fusing together of the two bones in your big toe joint. However this is recommended only for patients with severe big toe deformities.

c. Excision Arthroplasty is a procedure that involves cutting out of the bunion and part of the bone at the base of the big toe.

d. Minimally invasive bunion surgery is relatively a new one and hence there is little reliable information regarding its safety and effectiveness.

 

2. Callus: This is a thickening of the external layer of the skin in response to the excess pressure applied on the foot. You can get rid of calluses by

a. Soaking your feet in warm water with Epson salts, baking soda, tea or essential oils added to it. This will soften the skin. Now with the help of the pumice stone gently file away the callus in order to stimulate new skin growth.

b. Implement the use of shoe liners that are specially designed to get rid of calluses.

c. Change your footwear. Opt for the ones that offer a snug fit but not too tight.

d. Use the medicated solutions and pads that are available over-the-counter for removing corns and calluses.

Callus surgery is the best way to get rid of stubborn bumps and it is usually performed by a podiatrist.

a. A simple surgery is undertaken when there is a burning sensation along the toes. Here the doctor cuts out the callus to provide immediate relief to the patient.

b. If the small foot bones are depressed the condition is considered severe and calls for a serious callus surgery. Here a small incision is made into the metatarsal bone to take some pressure off the affected foot. This eventually prevents callus from growing.

3. Sprain: It is typically an injury to the ligament caused by tearing of the fibers of the ligament. You can get rid of sprains by the following.

a. Protect the injured area from further injury by using a support.

b. Provide complete rest for your foot.

c. Ice packs can ease the pain and the swelling.

d. Compress or bandage the affected area to restrict swelling and movement that might cause further damage.

e. Keep your foot raised to drain the fluids from the injury.

f. Perform exercises to improve the mobility and function of the joints.

g. Paracetamol or oral non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are recommended for sprains to reduce swelling and pain.

Surgical treatment may be resorted if there is persistent instability even after months of resorting to non-surgical treatment methods.

a. Arthroscopy is undertaken to view if there are loose fragments of bone or cartilage present in the joint.

b. Reconstruction is done wherein the surgeon undertakes to repair the torn ligaments with sutures.

4. Warts: They are small, benign and rough growth that resembles solid blisters. You can get rid of it by the following

a. Warts can be frozen with liquid nitrogen.

b. Salicylic acid available over-the-counter can get rid of the virus that causes the warts.

c. Application of Cantharidin, a fast acting chemical can burn warts.

Surgical options include

a. lectro surgery and curettage where the surgeon burns the warts and then cuts it out.

b. Laser surgery: Here the surgeon burns the warts by implementing an intense beam of light.

5. Bruise: It is an injury that results in discoloration of the skin when blood vessels break or rupture underneath. You can get rid of this by the following.

a. Application of icepacks can provide relief for the pain and swelling.

b. Keep the bruised foot elevated to prevent blood from pooling in the area. This reduces discoloration.

c. Over-the-counter painkillers can also provide good relief.

d. Gently massage the area around the bruise to help the body's normal lymphatic process to clear it away.

6. Neuropathy: This is a rather chronic pain accompanied by a tissue injury. You can get rid of this pain by

a. Use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or painkillers.

b. In severe cases the doctor may suggest an invasive or implantable device to manage the pain in an effective manner.

c. Electrical stimulation of nerves can also significantly minimize the pain.

 

7. Plantar fascia: Plantar fascia is a thick band of fibrous tissue that runs across the bottom your foot. An inflammation of this tissue results in a condition called plantar fasciitis. You can get rid of it by the following.

a. By stretching your calf muscles.

b. A good massage can also provide immense relief.

c. An effective ice massage can control the inflammation.

d. A plantar fascia release surgery may be undergone wherein the surgeon cuts part of the plantar fascia ligament to release tension and relieve inflammation.

 

If you are confronted with any of the above types of foot pain you can implement any of the above discussed treatment measures to start a totally pain free life.



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